16 Feb Paper on flexural performance and end debonding prediction of NSM Carbon FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete beams under different service temperatures
Researchers of AMADE – Universitat de Girona (Marta Baena, Younes Jahani, Lluís Torres, Cristina Barris) and the Technical University of Madrid (Ricardo Perera) have recently published the open access paper entitled “Flexural Performance and End Debonding Prediction of NSM Carbon FRP-Strengthened Reinforced Concrete Beams under Different Service Temperatures” at the journal Polymers, 15 (4), 851: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15040851.
This paper aims to evaluate the influence of relatively high service temperatures (near or beyond the glass transition temperature (Tg) of epoxy adhesive) on the flexural performance and end debonding phenomenon in near-surface mounted (NSM) carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP)-strengthened, reinforced concrete (RC) beams. To this end, an experimental program consisting of 24 beams (divided into four groups) was performed, where different parameters were combined (i.e., service temperature, steel reinforcement ratio, CFRP ratio, and concrete compressive strength). In addition, the effect of the testing temperature on the end debonding phenomenon was investigated with an analytical procedure according to fib Bulletin 90, and the predictions were compared to experimental results. Taking specimens tested at 20 °C as a reference, no considerable change was observed in the ultimate load of the specimens tested below 60 °C (being in the range of epoxy Tg), and all specimens failed by FRP rupture. On the other hand, the increase in testing temperature up to 70 and 85 °C was followed by a decrease in the capacity of the strengthened beams and a change in failure mode, moving from FRP rupture to end debonding and concrete crushing. Besides, the analytical procedure successfully predicted the occurrence of premature end debonding failure and demonstrated that the effect of temperature on the mechanical properties of materials can be a key factor when predicting the premature end debonding in a NSM joint.
This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MCIN/AEI) under projects PID2020-119015GB-C22 and PID2020-119015GB-C21, and by the Generalitat de Catalunya (grant number 2019FI_B 00054).
The authors wish to acknowledge the support of S&P Clever Reinforcement Ibérica Lda. for supplying the strips and the epoxy resin used in this study.